The Council of Europe

47 members States ( )

The Council of Europe is the first European regional organization to be born after the Second World War. On may 5, 1949,was signed the Treaty of London instituting the Council of Europe on the initiative of ten countries : Belgium, Denmark, France, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Norway, The Netherlands, United Kingdom, Sweden.

The Council of Europe must acknowledge the merit of fueling the democratization processes in the countries of Central and Eastern Europe, throught the implementation of specific programs to build the rule of law, the spread of democratic principles and the consequent reform of legal systems.


  1. To promote human rights, democracy,  the rule of law;
  2. To promote social rights and minority rights;
  3. To encourage the devolepment of European cultural identity and economic and social progress;
  4. To support the fight against all forms of discrimination, intollerance, drugs trafficking, terrorism, corruption and organized crime.

The Council of Europe supervises the implementation of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Foundamental Freedoms (1950) in the member states. ( )

The Council of Europe and the trafficking of human beings

Trafficking in human beings violates the rights of innumerable people in Europe and beyond. It influences thier life.

The Council of Europe adopted on 2005 the Convenction on the Fight against Trafficking in Human Beings –  Warsaw Convention ( ), that came into force in 2008. The purpose of this Convention is to:

  • Preventing traffickin in human beings;
  • Protection of trafficking victims ;
  • Persecution of traffickers;
  • Promoting the coordination of national actions;
  • International cooperation.

The signatories to the Convention are monitored by the GRETA Expert Group.

The Council of Europe supports governments in the implementation of this Convention and makes recomendations as a result of monitoring process.

Brochure on the rights of victims of trafficking – ITA_victims


At the following link  you can view the brochures in several languages

Brochure on  monitoring mechanisms  – ITA_Mecanisme


At the following link you can view the brochures in several languages